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Gérard d’ABOVILLE, Président du Conseil Supérieur de la Navigation de Plaisance : Lieu de rencontre, de réflexion et de proposition, le CMF démontre que les activités maritimes sont étroitement liées. Chacune bénéficie de la promotion que le Cluster apporte au fait maritime français.
Michel BELLION, Délégué national de la filière Mer : La mobilité professionnelle au sein du maritime ne se décrète pas, elle nécessite une dynamique, des décloisonnements, des pratiques d'entraide, en somme ces vertus que porte le Cluster Maritime Français.
Philippe BERTEROTTIERE, PDG de GTT : Rassemblant des entités différentes ayant en commun les enjeux maritimes, le Cluster réussit un tour de force : montrer que la France a un atout majeur qui ne demande qu’à se développer encore plus.
Patrick BOISSIER, PDG de DCNS : Depuis 7 ans maintenant, le CMF est la voix de la France maritime. Cette voix doit être de plus en plus forte pour convaincre que la mer est un extraordinaire réservoir de croissance pour notre pays.
Philippe BOISSON, Président de l’Association Française de Droit Maritime : Le CMF a réussi le pari de réunir sous une même bannière les acteurs de la France maritime dans sa globalité. Continuons de soutenir son action pour être mieux entendu auprès des politiques et des medias.
Laurent CASTAING, Directeur Général de STX France : Le Cluster c’est d’abord une bande de professionnels passionnés et respectueux de la mer, convaincus de son importance économique pour notre futur, et qui veulent que la France y porte plus attention.
Thibault de FOUCHIER, Expert Maritime et Financier, S2F Navispec : Depuis l’origine, notre groupe a fondé son développement sur l’esprit de partenariat qui est l’esprit même du Cluster pour élaborer des actions qui portent efficacement notre industrie vers l’avenir.
Philippe FOURRIER, Président d’ILAGO : Le CMF c’est une équipe disponible, efficace et passionnée. Le travail déjà abattu est considérable, et la tâche l’est tout autant : souhaitons une longue vie au Cluster, dans notre intérêt à tous !
Jean-Michel GERMA, Président de SOPER : Le CMF c’est l’alliance des talents du maritime et de l’énergie pour lancer la filière éolienne offshore, et déjà mobilisés pour le développement des EMR et l’aventure du stockage de l’énergie en mer.
Alain HOUARD, VP Marine & Offshore de Dassault Systemes : Temps historiques pour l'industrie navale : la mer crée de vraies opportunités de business. Nous soutenons activement le CMF qui renforce la position de la France face à la concurrence internationale.
Christian LEFEVRE, Directeur Général de BOURBON : Le CMF œuvre pour que la France maritime reste compétitive et que les centres de décision des entreprises puissent continuer à gérer leurs opérations à l’international depuis leur base française.
Philippe LOUIS-DREYFUS, PDG de LOUIS-DREYFUS ARMATEURS : Le CMF a joué un rôle majeur dans la (re)connaissance des activités maritimes, outils essentiels du développement durable. La société et les politiques voient la mer d'un œil neuf. Merci au Cluster !
Frédéric MONCANY DE SAINT AIGNAN, Président de la Fédération Française des Pilotes Maritimes : Les acteurs, les enjeux, les richesses en mer sont multiples. Pour une vraie ambition maritime, des échanges transversaux créant des synergies sont indispensables aux intérêts nationaux. C’est ça le CMF !
Bruno NICOLAS, Directeur Général de VINCI Energies France : Initiative originale à sa création, le CMF est devenu l’organisation française de référence des acteurs du maritime. Plus qu’un lieu d’échanges c’est un centre d’actions créateur de nouvelles opportunités.
Jérôme PECRESSE, Président d’ALSTOM Renewable Power : Au nom d’Alstom, acteur majeur des EMR et membre actif du Cluster depuis 2010, je salue la contribution décisive du CMF au développement d’une filière en devenir et lui renouvelle toute ma confiance.
Pascal PIRIOU, PDG du Groupe PIRIOU : Le CMF est la voix du secteur maritime français, dont tous les acteurs ont enfin trouvé le moyen pour que leur voix porte, loin et fort, notamment auprès des Pouvoirs Publics, et c'est fondamental.
Jean-Marie POIMBOEUF, Président du GICAN et Vice-président du CORICAN : Depuis sa création, le CMF a un rôle de vigie dans un monde toujours plus complexe : espace de dialogue, de réflexion et de promotion, c’est tout le maritime qui bénéficie des synergies ainsi créées.
Jean-Bernard RAOUST, PDG de BRS : Pari gagné ! En 7 ans, le CMF, entité représentative, respectée et écoutée, a créé une communauté maritime active pour mettre en valeur ses savoir-faire et affronter ensemble les défis économiques.
Amiral Bernard ROGEL, Chef d’Etat-major de la Marine nationale : La stratégie française de défense et sécurité intègre désormais les enjeux maritimes. Le CMF a un rôle clé pour expliquer ces enjeux et leurs évolutions. Ce qui se passe en mer est vital pour notre avenir.
Gérard ROMITI, Président du Comité National des Pêches Maritimes et des Elevages Marins : Le secteur de la pêche est bien décidé à relever les différents enjeux maritimes du 21e Siècle. La solidarité mais aussi les synergies transversales développées par le Cluster sont à ce titre précieuses.
Philippe VALLETTE, Directeur Général de NAUSICAA : En cette époque d’émergence de la Blue Society, le soutien du Cluster est plus que jamais indispensable à la mobilisation du monde maritime, afin de croire au progrès durable et de réussir, tous ensemble.
Home > The maritime sectors > Fish and Sea products

Fish and Sea products

Metropolitan France has 63 fishing ports, 40 ἀsh markets, 12 producers’ organisations and 600 wholesale and processing companies.The ἀshing industry – from boat to consumer – is an important sector both for the economy and for regional development. Marine aquaculture, with 3,008 companies, is included in this sector.


Sea fishing 

France is ranked 4th in Europe for sea ἀshing with around 10% of community catches. 

Headline data 

•      7,157 vessels representing 8.5% of the European Union fleet (in 2012),

 

 •     fleet composed mainly of boats less than  12 metres, with 13% made up of 12 to 24 metre vessels,

•     turnover: around one billion euros,

•     Brittany accounts for 44% of landings in mainland France by valu

e, followed by the regions of Lower Normandy (12%), Pays de Loire (12%) and Nord-Pas-de-Calais (11%),

•     by quantity, fresh fish accounts for 50% of ἀshing and marine aquaculture,

•     in frozen fish, tropical tuna (skipjack and albacore) is the number one species.

 

 

 

Diversified fisheries  and extensive fishing grounds 

In France four types of fishing are prosecuted:

•     distant-water fishing prosecuted by vessels over 1,000 GRT, and vessels over 150 GRT making trips of more than 20 days,

•     offshore fishing, carried on by vessels making trips lasting between 4 and 20 days,

•     inshore fishing, with trips of 1 to 4 days,

•     small-scale fishing, with trips of less than 24 hours.

The fishing grounds are located off the French coast, in the waters around Scotland and Ireland, between Iceland and Greenland, off Spain, and from the Gulf of Guinea to the Indian Ocean (tropical tuna) and as far as the Antarctic (Chilean sea bass). 

 

Sales and consumption

•     the principal fish markets by value are Le Guilvinec, Lorient, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Les Sables d’Olonne, Erquy, Oléron and St-Guénolé. In 2012, nearly 204,004 tonnes were sold there by French and foreign boats,

•     in 2012, French households bought, for home consumption, 34% of their seafood products fresh, 31% as chilled prepared products, 21% as frozen products and 14% as tinned products. Average annual consumption per person is 35 kg,

•     in 2009, restaurants spent €1,094 million, of which €493 million was on fresh products, €488 million was on frozen products, €59 million was on chilled prepared products and €54 million was on canned products.

French sea Ḁsh and marine aquaculture production in 2010-2011

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

 

National bodies

CNPMEM

The CNPMEM (National Committee of Maritime Fisheries and Marine Fish Farms) is a private body with public service responsibilities, which represents all professionals in the production sector of maritime ἀsheries and fish farming.Apart from the CNPMEM headquarters in Paris, this professional body is now organised along the coast of mainland France and the Overseas Territories in 14 Regional Committees and 12 Departmental or Interdepartmental Committees.

More and more of the work of the CNPMEM is devoted to ensuring the responsible and balanced exploitation of the marine resources and achieving recognition of the value of the jobs and the men and women in the sector. It is responsible for regulating the maritime ἀsheries and actively participates in drawing up French and European regulations for the industry. All of the matters dealt with by the CNPMEM pursue the same objective: to gain recognition at all levels of French, European and international decision-making for the commitment and responsibility of the professionals of the sector, especially as an example of a “responsible ἀshery and sustainable development”.

“French Fisherman, a legitimate responsible occupation, serving the great majority and resolutely forward-looking.” 

www.comite-peches.fr

Coopération Maritime

Coopération maritime, an association under the 1901 Act, has been the umbrella organisation for French small-scale fishing cooperatives for more than a century. With six branches of activities, it covers around 1,230 ἀshing boats and more than 150 cooperatives or subsidiaries of cooperatives: operation-management cooperatives, producers' organisations, provisioning cooperatives, regional maritime cooperative credit banks, marine and mutual insurers, marine farming.

It represents a total turnover of 800 million euros, more than half of which is generated by the fishing boats themselves. A quarter of this turnover comes from provisioning cooperatives and their afἀliates under the brand “Comptoirs de la mer”.

A leading player in the social and solidarity-based economy in today's maritime world, it is implementing a number of projects on behalf of the fishing industry in two key areas: financial engineering and tax optimisation related with the French solidarity wealth tax “ISF” via a special mechanism; energy savings and optimisation of the use of diesel fuel by boats at sea.

www.cooperationmaritime.com

FraNce pêcHe durable  & respoNsable

France Pêche Durable & Responsable (France Sustainable & Responsible Fishing) is the interim association of a national foundation intended to act as a focal point for views and actions designed to help sustain small -scale and industrial businesses in the fishing industry in France and to develop the ἀshing economy. It was established in 2008 by a group of single-minded individuals from diverse backgrounds, all with long experience in the fishing industry or having carried out high-level mandates in French and European representative organisations and sharing the desire to promote the much-needed development of fishing within an independent, innovative and collaborative framework. France Pêche Durable & Responsable has initiated several high value-added technology projects aimed at identifying innovative technical solutions, especially in fuel-efficient propulsion systems and sustainable fishing gear.

www.francepechedurable.eu

UAPF - Union des armateurs à la pêche de france

The Union des Armateurs à la Pêche de France (UAPF) is an organisation representing French ἀshing vessel owners. Its members operate deep-sea and distant-water ἀshing boats in the North East Atlantic as well as in the waters of French Guiana, the Central East Atlantic, the Indian Ocean and the Southern Ocean.

The UAPF represents and promotes the interests of French fishing vessel owners with public authorities, community authorities, regional and international fisheries management organisations, and other national and community professional organisations. It also helps to build relationships between its members and Fisheries Research Institutes.

Sea fishing shipowners

France Pelagique

FRANCE PELAGIQUE is a French fishing company created in October 1988. From the very beginning, all vessels managed by FRANCE PELAGIQUE have caught only pelagic species such as mackerel, herring, horse mackerel, blue whiting and sardine.In 2013, FRANCE PELAGIQUE operated two freezer trawlers: Prins Bernhard and Sandettie, both registered in Fécamp (France).

The company employs around 70 people, including 5 in its Paris headquarters, the remaining 65 being ἀshermen working on board the two vessels. All catches are frozen on board and unloaded at the company’s cold stores in the Netherlands. Its annual turnover is between 20 and 24 million euros, 100% of sales being made abroad.

Orthongel

Orthongel (French frozen and deep-frozen tuna producers’ organisation) is responsible for seeking and managing licenses giving access to the waters of third countries where vessels operate, representing, defending and promoting the interests of tuna shipowners, contributing to the management of the fishery and promoting the adoption of sustainable and responsible ἀshing methods.

It is therefore a key contact of the DPMA and the DG MARE of the European Commission.

The fleet operated by Orthongel’s members includes 22 tuna purse seiners of 60 to 90 m divided among 3 s

hipowners: Compagnie Française du Thon Océanique (13 seiners) Saupiquet (4 seiners) and SAPMER (5 seiners) operating in the Atlantic (9 vessels) and Indian Ocean (13 vessels). French shipowners employ around 400 French crewmen and 550 crewmen mainly from countries with which ἀsheries agreements exist. The production is mainly composed of yellowἀn and skipjack (98% of total tuna) and is used for canning. In recent years, French global production accounted for around 100,000 t of which two thirds came from the Indian Ocean. The annual turnover is between € 110 and 140 M.

 

AQUACULTURE

Aquaculture today represents nearly half of world ἀsh production, against only 9% in 1980. This is a major transformation, and a vital extra contribution to the drive for responsible ἀshing.However, in 15 years production in France has dropped to less than 50,000 T, while Norwegian production has passed the 1 million tonne mark.

Consumption of aquatic products is growing, but this increase is being fed by imports (87% in 2012).Yet going by its wealth of resources, France has numerous advantages for developing diversified high quality production (Charte Qualité-Aquaculture de nos Régions®, LR, AB, IDAQUA® sustainability indicators) which it supplies to consumers in a committed sustainable approach: 

•     36,000 T of trout sold for consumption or live for recreational fishing.

•     With 7,000 T, pond fish farming is in free fall due to exponential predation by cormorants (a protected species).

•     In marine fish farming, hatcheries produce nearly 80 million alevins, more than 70% of which are sold for export as the sector has been prevented from expanding due to problems of access to sites and tight regulatory and environmental restrictions: only 5,000 T on 15 ha over 5,000 kms of coastline!

•     Finally, with a Sturgeon caviar production of 19 T, this French fishery is one of the two world leaders.

In future, the real challenge for aquaculture will be to increase production sufficiently to meet the world’s food and nutritional needs without increasing pressure on the aquatic resources for fish feed, and without losing control of the environmental impact.In France and Europe, many are taking a stand in favour of aquaculture development, but this has translated only partially into concrete action.

There needs to be a change in the regulations, especially those on the environment, to take account of the difficult issues faced by this young industry in order to boost development and provide a clear ἀeld of play for the professionals. On this aspect there are in fact positive developments.

Although implementation of the regional marine aquaculture development schemes (SRDAM) is sometimes proving difficult, specific examples, such as the introduction of a Plan for Progress for continental fish farming show that dialogue can produce solutions which are viable and proἀtable for everyone.Under the Common Fisheries Policy France is required to prepare a national long-term strategic development plan for aquaculture by 2014.

This involves translating the political will expressed by the government into speciἀc action based on the strategic orientations of the European Commission (simplifying administrative procedures, coordinating land-use planning, boosting competitiveness in aquaculture, and creating conditions of fair competition). It is a new impetus for developing sustainable aquaculture in France!

Cofrepeche France Aquaculture

COFREPECHE – is a worldwide fisheries consultancy company established in 1980 jointly by professionals of the fisheries sector and Ifremer, the well known French Marine Research Institute (Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer). In 1994, COFREPECHE took control of France Aquaculture, a former subsidiary company of IFREMER. The sustained deployment of special French then Spanish purse seiners in the Indian Ocean during the 80’s was their ἀrst success story. Since then, experts from

COFREPECHE have travelled all over the world to carry out studies and assessments and to provide technical assistance and engineering supervision aimed at sustainable management of the sector and job creation. With significant experience and ’know-how’ gained in several countries, COFREPECHE has become a key international partner in ἀsheries and aquaculture consultancy. In 2009, COFREPECHE created a subsidiary company in Morocco, “COFREPECHE Maroc”.

www.cofrepeche.fr

 

SFAM - Syndicat Français de L’aquacusture marine  et nouvelle

The SFAM groups together the great majority of French producers of marine and new species (sea-bass, gilt-head sea-bream, sturgeon, meager, salmon, turbot and sole). The production of the sector represents approximately 80 million juveniles (of which more than 70% are for export), nearly 5,000 tons of table-ἀsh and 19 tons of caviar. With its offices near Bordeaux, the SFAM participates in the work of all bodies concerned with the sector and pushes for a sustainable growth because, at present, the products of French aquaculture represent a mere 2% of the consumption in France of aquatic food products.

The sector is still going through difficult times and is waiting for the firming up of the expressed political will to implement the necessary tools to secure the present activity and promote further development.

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