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Gérard d’ABOVILLE, Président du Conseil Supérieur de la Navigation de Plaisance : Lieu de rencontre, de réflexion et de proposition, le CMF démontre que les activités maritimes sont étroitement liées. Chacune bénéficie de la promotion que le Cluster apporte au fait maritime français.
Michel BELLION, Délégué national de la filière Mer : La mobilité professionnelle au sein du maritime ne se décrète pas, elle nécessite une dynamique, des décloisonnements, des pratiques d'entraide, en somme ces vertus que porte le Cluster Maritime Français.
Philippe BERTEROTTIERE, PDG de GTT : Rassemblant des entités différentes ayant en commun les enjeux maritimes, le Cluster réussit un tour de force : montrer que la France a un atout majeur qui ne demande qu’à se développer encore plus.
Patrick BOISSIER, PDG de DCNS : Depuis 7 ans maintenant, le CMF est la voix de la France maritime. Cette voix doit être de plus en plus forte pour convaincre que la mer est un extraordinaire réservoir de croissance pour notre pays.
Philippe BOISSON, Président de l’Association Française de Droit Maritime : Le CMF a réussi le pari de réunir sous une même bannière les acteurs de la France maritime dans sa globalité. Continuons de soutenir son action pour être mieux entendu auprès des politiques et des medias.
Laurent CASTAING, Directeur Général de STX France : Le Cluster c’est d’abord une bande de professionnels passionnés et respectueux de la mer, convaincus de son importance économique pour notre futur, et qui veulent que la France y porte plus attention.
Thibault de FOUCHIER, Expert Maritime et Financier, S2F Navispec : Depuis l’origine, notre groupe a fondé son développement sur l’esprit de partenariat qui est l’esprit même du Cluster pour élaborer des actions qui portent efficacement notre industrie vers l’avenir.
Philippe FOURRIER, Président d’ILAGO : Le CMF c’est une équipe disponible, efficace et passionnée. Le travail déjà abattu est considérable, et la tâche l’est tout autant : souhaitons une longue vie au Cluster, dans notre intérêt à tous !
Jean-Michel GERMA, Président de SOPER : Le CMF c’est l’alliance des talents du maritime et de l’énergie pour lancer la filière éolienne offshore, et déjà mobilisés pour le développement des EMR et l’aventure du stockage de l’énergie en mer.
Alain HOUARD, VP Marine & Offshore de Dassault Systemes : Temps historiques pour l'industrie navale : la mer crée de vraies opportunités de business. Nous soutenons activement le CMF qui renforce la position de la France face à la concurrence internationale.
Christian LEFEVRE, Directeur Général de BOURBON : Le CMF œuvre pour que la France maritime reste compétitive et que les centres de décision des entreprises puissent continuer à gérer leurs opérations à l’international depuis leur base française.
Philippe LOUIS-DREYFUS, PDG de LOUIS-DREYFUS ARMATEURS : Le CMF a joué un rôle majeur dans la (re)connaissance des activités maritimes, outils essentiels du développement durable. La société et les politiques voient la mer d'un œil neuf. Merci au Cluster !
Frédéric MONCANY DE SAINT AIGNAN, Président de la Fédération Française des Pilotes Maritimes : Les acteurs, les enjeux, les richesses en mer sont multiples. Pour une vraie ambition maritime, des échanges transversaux créant des synergies sont indispensables aux intérêts nationaux. C’est ça le CMF !
Bruno NICOLAS, Directeur Général de VINCI Energies France : Initiative originale à sa création, le CMF est devenu l’organisation française de référence des acteurs du maritime. Plus qu’un lieu d’échanges c’est un centre d’actions créateur de nouvelles opportunités.
Jérôme PECRESSE, Président d’ALSTOM Renewable Power : Au nom d’Alstom, acteur majeur des EMR et membre actif du Cluster depuis 2010, je salue la contribution décisive du CMF au développement d’une filière en devenir et lui renouvelle toute ma confiance.
Pascal PIRIOU, PDG du Groupe PIRIOU : Le CMF est la voix du secteur maritime français, dont tous les acteurs ont enfin trouvé le moyen pour que leur voix porte, loin et fort, notamment auprès des Pouvoirs Publics, et c'est fondamental.
Jean-Marie POIMBOEUF, Président du GICAN et Vice-président du CORICAN : Depuis sa création, le CMF a un rôle de vigie dans un monde toujours plus complexe : espace de dialogue, de réflexion et de promotion, c’est tout le maritime qui bénéficie des synergies ainsi créées.
Jean-Bernard RAOUST, PDG de BRS : Pari gagné ! En 7 ans, le CMF, entité représentative, respectée et écoutée, a créé une communauté maritime active pour mettre en valeur ses savoir-faire et affronter ensemble les défis économiques.
Amiral Bernard ROGEL, Chef d’Etat-major de la Marine nationale : La stratégie française de défense et sécurité intègre désormais les enjeux maritimes. Le CMF a un rôle clé pour expliquer ces enjeux et leurs évolutions. Ce qui se passe en mer est vital pour notre avenir.
Gérard ROMITI, Président du Comité National des Pêches Maritimes et des Elevages Marins : Le secteur de la pêche est bien décidé à relever les différents enjeux maritimes du 21e Siècle. La solidarité mais aussi les synergies transversales développées par le Cluster sont à ce titre précieuses.
Philippe VALLETTE, Directeur Général de NAUSICAA : En cette époque d’émergence de la Blue Society, le soutien du Cluster est plus que jamais indispensable à la mobilisation du monde maritime, afin de croire au progrès durable et de réussir, tous ensemble.
Home > The maritime sectors > Government action at sea

Government action at sea

Secretariat General of the Sea (attached to the Prime Minister’s offce)

The Secretariat General of the Sea has interministerial responsibility for the monitoring, evaluation and long-term planning of maritime policy. It is involved in mapping out public policies regarding the sea and coastline and co-ordinates government action at sea through the Maritime Prefects in mainland France and through government representatives overseas.

It is attached to the Prime Minister’s ofἀce and also serves the minister with responsibility for the sea in matters concerning him. The Secretary General 'of the Sea' chairs the Executive Committee of the coastguard function which is made up of all administrations with maritime activities.

This committee helps to determine the policies conducted for the coastguard function, and to identify priorities for action and the resulting organisational measures.France has a Coastguard Operations Centre (CoFGC) which operates under interministerial authority. Placed with the Secretariat General of the Sea, the CoFGC keeps a round-the-clock watch on maritime events, maintains a record of the latest developments in international maritime affairs, provides a central base to help monitor crises with a maritime dimension and carries out analyses in order to propose changes to the organisation of the coastguard function.

The CoFGC is one of the natural points of contact for the centres of other countries or European or international institutions providing the same services.

The Maritime Prefect

Under the decree of 6 February 2004 on government maritime related operations known as l’Action de l’État en Mer (AEM), the Maritime Prefect, who is a government delegate and direct representative of the Prime Minister and of each minister, is vested with State authority over all areas covered by the AEM.With powers of coordination in a crisis situation, he is today the chief authority in all maritime spheres, notably in defending the sovereign rights and interests of the nation, maintaining public order and protecting people and property. He has the resources of the French Navy (Marine nationale)at his disposal, as well as those of the Maritime Gendarmerie, the Department of Maritime Affairs (DAMGA), Customs, Civil Defence and the assistance of the Société Nationale de Sauvetage en Mer.

stationed over the entire coast of mainland France and overseas, and also at Naval facilities and some large civil ports.With a complement of 1,100 service personnel, one third of which have the rank of criminal investigation ofἀcers, the maritime gendarmerie is made up of:

•     three groups placed under the maritime prefects;

•     a search and rescue section;

•     a national instruction centre;

•     76 units, 32 of them sea-going units, providing

full cover on the mainland and overseas.The diversity and complementarity of their assets allow the gendarmes to operate up to 200 nautical miles offshore to protect the environment, preserve the ἀsheries, combat all kinds of illicit trafἀcking, provide maritime security for large ports, in addition to their normal defence operations. The only force with a general policing authority at sea, the maritime gendarmerie carries out administrative policing operations under the authority of the maritime prefect and important, often sensitive, criminal inquiries under the responsibility of magistrates. 

 

Customs and Excise  (Direction générale des douanes et des droits indirects)

The action of Customs helps to prevent illegal activities at sea, notably smuggling and illicit trafἀcking of goods and people. Its functions also include navigation control, coastal surveillance, protection of the marine environment (marine pollution prevention), control of the legal status of ships and protecting and assisting people in distress.Customs (17,159 agents - 36.9% of them women - including 610 sea-going personnel) have 2 coast guard cutters of 43 m, 19 coast guard launches of 19 to 32 m, 17 approach surveillance launches of 10 to 14 m and 3 training vessels, 17 aircraft including 2 ἀtted with a remote marine pollution detection system (POLMAR), and 9 helicopters.

Civil Defence

This arm cooperates in coastal life-saving and pollution prevention operations. It can count on 39 helicopters (4 Squirrels and 35 EC 145),  12 Bombardier CL 415, 9 Bombardier Trackers, 3 Beechcraft King 200 reconnaissance and liaison aircraft and 2 Bombardier Dash 8 Q 400.

La Marine Nationale

The French Navy is an ocean-going navy capable of deploying a full range of naval and aeronaval forces in operations far from home, at depth and for lengthy periods of time, usually in cooperation, as a joint-service, multinational or even interministeriel operation.

It contributes to the defence strategy of France, by simultaneously conducting:

 Non-permanent missions: the Navy is able to send combat units several thousand kilometres away at short notice to protect its strategic interests, safeguard its citizens and fulἀl its international responsibilities.

Crisis management operations: 

•     operation Atalanta since 2008: anti-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia, protecting ships in the World Food Programme (WFP), EU and UN mandates.

•     operation Baliste in Lebanon in 2006: evacuation of 13,000 French citizens.


Major coercion operation:

•     operation Serval: engagement of Atlantique 2 (ATL 2) naval patrol aircraft and operational logistics support with 4 surface ships.

•     operation Harmattan in 2011: implementation of resolution 1973 in Libya, under UN mandate. Engagement of all Navy components (28 surface ships and submarines, carrier air wing, ATL 2) at a level unequalled since 1956 (Suez).

Permanent missions: 

• Deterrence: the threat of a total response against anyone who attacks the vital interests of France. A missile launching nuclear submarine (SNLE) always on patrol.

•  Knowledge/anticipation: anticipating the contextual development and appearance of crises, having the capability for independent assessments, decisions and action in defence and security matters and in preparing for action. Regional military cooperation, naval backup for diplomacy, and civil-military cooperation are the kinds of actions, performed by all naval units, that provide greater awareness of the strategic context and enable France to maintain supply bases and dependable relationships.

•  Prevention (prepositioning): prepositioning in zones of strategic interest, aiding fragile countries, renforcing operational organisation:

•     Operation Corymbe for 20 years: a ship stationed almost permanently along the coats of West Africa to provide the capability to manage an immediate crisis or engage in regional cooperation.

•     Deployment in the Eastern Mediterranean: surveillance of the maritime zone along the coasts.

  Permanent posture of maritime protection (Government Action at Sea) represents 25% of missions employing all of our assets in ships and aircraft. The Navy plays a part in the maritime protection system which consists of:

•     countering threats likely to come from the sea (terrorism, drug smuggling, illicit transport of migrants,...),

•     defending national sovereignty and sovereign rights at sea,

•     controlling risks related with maritime activities (accidents at sea, pollution,...).

The French Navy operates: 365 days a year, 24 hours a day, in all the oceans and seas of the world, with 35 ships deployed, at least 1 missile launching nuclear submarine at sea, 5 aircraft in the air, and nearly 5,000 sailors on, under and above the sea serving the interests of our country and the French people.  

Atalanta, a European anti-piracy operation: France participates in operation Atalanta with the permanent deployment of at least one frigate and the sporadic participation of a maritime patrol aircraft based in Djibouti, i.e around 200 men. 

The French Navy can count on:

•     36,000 men and women including 3,000 civilians;

•     10 submarines;

•     130 combat and support vessels;

•     Nearly 200 fighters, patrol and reconnaissance aircraft and helicopters;

•    15 units of marines and commandos.

www.defense.gouv.fr/marine

 

Maritime Affairs Administration

The Department of Maritime Affairs (DAM), an ofἀcial government department within the General Directorate of Infrastructures, Transport and the Sea of the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy (MEDDTL), formulates and implements government policies and laws on a range of issues relating to sailors and their profession, such as training, health and employment law, as well as ship safety and security, shipping surveillance and maritime signalling, and control of maritime activities, the merchant fleet, yachting and nautical leisure activities.

 The Department of Maritime Affairs is supported by a network of Interregional Directorates for theSea (DIRM), which operate along the seaboard to ensure that the government's maritime policies are implemented in a coherent and integrated manner. 

 At the level of France's administrative 'departments', the sea and coastal agencies (DML) within the county land and sea directorates (DDTM) implement these policies. These services, at the heart of the maritime sector, have the traditional responsibilities of ship safety, the health and welfare of seamen, vocational training, etc. as well as those of surveillance and control (ἀsheries policing, ship movement surveillance, search, rescue and assistance at sea, pollution surveillance and reporting). They also have a pivotal role in new measures such as the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and marine spatial planning.

The system of control and surveillance consists of  ocean going vessels (two patrol boats of 46 and 52 metres based in France and a third of 54 metres at La Réunion; 3 regional cutters) and 60 smaller vessels spread over 21 coastal units. These  units are deployed mainly on ἀsheries protection, coordinated by the National Fisheries Protection Centre (CNSP), and environmental policing duties at sea under the aegis, on a trial basis, of the Marine Environment Surveillance Operational Centre (COSMM) .

 2,000 maritime affairs agents are distributed on the coast in the branch ofἀces, in the 7 CROSS (regional operational surveillance and rescue centres) and 2 MRCC (maritime rescue coordination centres), as well as in the 16 CSN (ship safety centres) responsible for vessel inspections.

 The maritime affairs administration provides the following specialised services:

   Navigation Aids: lighthouses, marker buoys and beacons

 The system of aids to navigation on the coasts of France and its overseas territories comprises around 6,500 maritime signalling establishments (lighthouses, signalling towers, buoys, etc). This service is responsible for providing and maintaining a beaconing system enabling navigators to locate their position and avoid hazards.

   Security, surveillance, search and rescue: CROSS

The 7 regional operational search and rescue centres  (CROSS) use the naval and air resources of the administrations and bodies engaged in Government Action at Sea.

 The 2 MRCC (Maritime Rescue Coordination Centres) in Papeete and Nouméa complete the system, enabling France to fulἀl its life-saving obligations in the immense areas of the Paciἀc under its responsibility.

As part of the plan to introduce the Community  maritime trafἀc monitoring and information system,

Sea Rescue

Together with the Navy, the merchant navy, the ἀshing Ḁeet, pleasure craft, and inshore service craft, the SNSM (see below) is the “6th component” of France’s “navies”. Although not under direct State control, it does play a key role in public safety.DAM has introduced the TRAFIC 2000 system, the national entry and exit point to the European Union's network SafeSeaNet.

 TRAFIC 2000 is also associated with the French Navy's SPATIONAV programme, which monitors sea trafἀc by AIS (automatic identiἀcation system) off French coasts.

CROSS centres also have operational responsibility  for the sea pollution surveillance system CleanSeaNet and  the European Long Range Identiἀcation and Tracking (LRIT) data centre established by the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA).

 In more general terms, the Department of Maritime Affairs is making a special effort to develop its information systems, to enable the CROSS's, the maritime safety centres and the maritime signalling services to fulἀl their missions of search and rescue at sea, supervising sea trafἀc and hazardous goods, monitoring pollution, tracking ships and overseeing maritime signalling establishments.

 The management and quality system of the ship safety inspection services and the 5 mainland CROSS's are EN ISO 9001/2008 certiἀed.

SNSM

SNSM is a “Public Utility” established under the French law of associations of 1901. It operates on the basis of volunteers committed to saving life at sea. Around 24% of its budget of € 22 M comes from State subsidies and 76% from private donations.

 the SNSM fleet is made up of 230 lifeboats and over 400 rigid inflatable boats operated by:

•     4,400 permanent volunteer crewmen,

•    1,200 permanent administrative volunteers,

•    1,400 summer lifeguards on beaches, and more than 70 employees working mostly in the Paris headquarters.

SNSM has a very close-knit network of 219 maritime stations in France and the overseas territories (with over 180 units offering a 24-hour search and rescue service) plus 32 Lifeguard Training Centres training over 600 new lifeguards every year. The results speak for themselves: over 50% of life-saving operations in Metropolitan France is carried out by the SNSM, 27% of these at night! 

www.snsm.org

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